The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) is made up of six countries bordering the Persian Gulf, a region where there is a significant movement of workers. Nevertheless, most countries in the region limit social security coverage to their own nationals. To address this problem, the GCC implemented in 2006 the Uniform Law on the Extension of Insurance Coverage for Citizens of Gulf Cooperation Council States Working Outside their Country in One of the Council`s Member States. Unlike other multilateral agreements that specifically define the terms of social security agreements, the GCC Uniform Law on the Extension of Insurance Coverage proposes social security models for possible consideration. 1 This also applies to employees whose employers temporarily transfer them to a company that has entered into an agreement with the Ministry of Finance in accordance with Section 3121(l) of the Internal Revenue Code. These companies are usually referred to as “affiliates” and have to pay U.S. numbers. Social Security taxes on behalf of all U.S. citizens or residents employed abroad by this subsidiary.
Agreements generally concern employees, their family members and retirees. A pension accumulated in Finland is always paid to countries that have a social security agreement with Finland. The provisions of the agreements apply exclusively to the persons and services expressly covered by them. If your right to social security is not determined by an agreement concluded by Finland, the social security protection and the right to Kela benefits, which do not affect the agreement, will be determined on the basis of Finnish legislation. Unfortunately, the main migrant countries in the region, which are also the richest in the region – Cameroon, Gabon, Senegal – have not ratified the CIPRES Convention on Social Security. Therefore, the CIPRES Convention can only have a marginal impact. Persons travelling between the Nordic countries are generally covered by the provisions of the Community Regulation on social security. On the basis of the Nordic Convention on Social Security, the EC Regulation also applies to persons who would not otherwise be covered by the Regulation. These people include, for example, citizens of countries outside the EU who move between Denmark and the other Nordic countries.
The United States did not immediately begin to enter into similar social security agreements at the time; Instead, it entered into a series of Friendship, Trade and Navigation Agreements (FCNs) with close allies and trading partners. Many FCN treaties require each country to treat nationals of the other country as it treats its own nationals when applying for and paying Social Security benefits.11 However, it quickly became clear that these FCN contracts did not adequately protect the benefit rights of U.S. expatriate workers and that many U.S. workers posted abroad and their employers had to pay double the security taxes. social on the same income. As U.S. trade and commercial interests have spread around the world, the list of major trading partners increasingly includes countries that do not have a system that meets all U.S. legal requirements. This can disadvantage U.S. companies, employees, and potential Social Security recipients abroad who could benefit from such agreements.
In recent years, support for extending the geographical scope of aggregation agreements beyond the current concentration in Europe has increased. The United States has agreements with several non-European countries, but the nature of the approval law has limited negotiations in many other countries for the reasons discussed below. .